Information For Patients
What is Clinical Research?
Clinical research, also sometimes referred to as clinical studies or trials, is a branch of healthcare that is designed to determine safety and effectiveness of medications, devices, or diagnostic tools intended for human use. This is how healthcare develops and learns information about new and approved medications or devices.
Clinical Trials have four phases to test new treatments, find appropriate dosage, and learn about potential side effects.
- Phase I – testing in healthy participants to find appropriate dose range
- Phase II – testing completed in patients to assess safety (side effects) and efficacy in a small population of patients; 100-300
- Phase III – testing for efficacy, effectiveness, and safety (side effects) in a larger population of patients; 300-3,000
- Phase IV – testing in post marketing/approval use for additional medication information on safety, efficacy, and effectiveness
Why do people participate in trials?
- New treatment therapies: Some patients state that they will participate so that they have access to a new treatment that is not yet on the market or approved for their condition.
- Benefits for future patients: Many of our patients tell us that they participate to help provide future patients with new medications or treatments for their condition.
- Financial benefits: Many trials offer patients the ability to manage conditions and see the study doctors free of charge. The new study medications are often also provided without any cost to the participants, which saves money from the standard medications they would have to purchase. Some trials also provide a monetary compensation for time spent at the clinic for study visits.